Kemenkominfo Sarankan Pencegahan Teroris Siber

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TNI, Polri, Kemenag dan Kemenkominfo Siap Berantas Teroris Cyber, jurnalisindonesia.com

JAKARTA, jurnalisindonesia.com – Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika telah memastikan bahwa Indonesia merupakan salah-satu negara yang terdampak akibat serangan yang disebut sebagai ‘teroris siber’.

Direktur Jenderal Aplikasi Informatika, Kemenkominfo, Sammy Pangerapan mengatakan, serangan siber ini bersifat tersebar dan masif serta menyerang critical resource (sumber daya sangat penting).

“Serangan ini bisa dikategorikan teroris siber”, jelas Sammy Pangerapan dalam keterangan yang dirilis di situs resmi Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika, Sabtu (13/5/2017).

Di Indonesia, menurut Sammy, serangan peretas itu ditujukan ke Rumah Sakit Harapan Kita dan Rumah Sakit Dharmais di Jakarta.

Serangan siber berskala raksasa yang menggunakan alat peretas, diyakini dikembangkan oleh Badan Keamanan Nasional AS telah menyerang sejumlah institusi di 99 negara, termasuk Indonesia, Inggris, AS, Cina, Rusia, Spanyol dan Italia.

“Kami minta agar masyarakat tetap tenang dan meningkatkan kehati-hatian dalam berinteraksi di dunia siber”, himbau Sammy, Sabtu (13/5/2017).

Sammy memastikan serangan siber yang menyerang Indonesia dan beberapa negara lainnya berjenis ransomware.

Ransomware adalah jenis malicious software atau malware yang menyerang komputer dengan cara mengunci komputer korban atau meng-encrypt semua file sehingga tidak bisa diakses kembali.

“Tahun ini sebuah jenis ransomware baru telah muncul dan diperkirakan bisa memakan banyak korban. Ransomware baru ini disebut Wannacry”, terang Sammy, Sabtu (13/5/2017).

Sammy melanjutkan, Wannacry mengincar PC berbasis windows yang memiliki kelemahan terkait fungsi SMB yang dijalankan di komputer tersebut.

Sejumlah laporan menyebutkan, serangan Wannacry telah memakan banyak korban di berbagai negara.

“Oleh karena itu penting untuk melakukan serangkaian tindakan pencegahan dan juga penanganan apabila terjadi insiden”, saran Sammy, Sabtu (13/5/2017).

Dilaporkan, kelompok peretas meminta dana tebusan untuk mengembalikan file-file yang dibajak dengan enkripsi dalam keadaan normal lagi.

Para ahli menyebutkan dana tembusan yang diminta adalah dengan pembayaran bitcoin yang setara dengan $300 AS dan Wannacry memberikan alamat bitcoin untuk pembayarannya.

Terkait langkah pencegahan wannacry ini, Sammy Pangerapan mengatakan, ada beberapa langkah yaitu :

1. Update security pada windows anda dengan install Patch MS17-010 yang dikeluarkan oleh microsoct. Lihat : https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/security/ms17-010.aspx,

2. Jangan mengaktifkan fungsi macros,

3. Non aktifkan fungsi SMB v1,

4. Block 139/445 & 3389 Ports,

5. Selalu backup file file penting di computer anda di simpan ditempat lain.

Menurut Sammy Pangerapan, saat ini belum ada solusi yang paling cepat dan jitu untuk mengembalikan file-file yang sudah terinfeksi wannacry.

Namun demikian, memutuskan sambungan internet dari komputer yang terinfeksi akan menghentikan penyebaran wannacry ke komputer lain yang rentan vulnerable, saran Sammy memberikan sedikit solusi agar tidak menyebar.

Sebagai tambahan, Sammy menyampaikan Indonesia-Security Incident Response Team on Internet Infrastructure (ID-SIRTII) menghimbau agar melakukan langkah-langkah berikut ini pada hari Senin (15/5/2017).

1. PC-PC dan Bentuk Komputer Personal dan Jaringan lainnya jangan terhubung ke LAN dan Internet dulu,

2. Terlebih dahulu lakukan backup data penting,

3. Pastikan software anti virus sudah update serta security patch yang disarankan oleh microsoft dilakukan terlebih dahulu,

4. Untuk konsultasi secara online bisa diakses ke : https://www.nomoreransom.org, apabila diperlukan informasi dan saran teknis, dapat diemail : incident@idsirtii.or.id.[] (MRR)

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